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15-Jul-2017 21:11

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Archaeological material, such as assemblages of pottery or the deposited with burials, are arranged into chronological order.

The types that comprise the assemblages to be ordered in this way must be from the same archaeological tradition, and from a single region or locality.

The seriation method works because object styles change over time; they always have and always will.

A good example of a change in artifact type is the development of hand-held PDAs from those first enormous cell phones. As an example of how change through time works, consider the different music recording methods that were used in the 20th century.

Sir Flinders Petrie, the younger contemporary of archaeologist Augustus Pitt-Rivers, was meticulous in his excavations and recorded every artifact and detail on site.

From his work, Petrie was able to bring chronological order to 2,200 pit graves of the Naqada cemetery in Upper Egypt. Created because of artifacts in Mayan sites had been recovered in the 1940s without stratigraphic context.

An example are assemblages of pottery sherds each including roughly the same range of types though in different proportions.

Flinders Petrie excavated at Diospolis Parva in Egypt in the late nineteenth century.

Petrie was a scientific archaeologist, probably close to our first example.

Seriation, also called artifact sequencing, is an early scientific method of relative dating, invented (most likely) by the Egyptologist Sir William Flinders Petrie in the late 19th century.

Petrie's problem was that he had discovered several predynastic cemeteries along the Nile River in Egypt that seemed to be from the same period, but he needed a way to put them in chronological order.

technique in which artifacts or features are organized into a sequence according to changes over time in their attributes or frequency of appearance.

The technique shows how these items have changed over time and it is a way to establish chronology.In archaeology, seriation is a relative dating method in which assemblages or artifacts from numerous sites, in the same culture, are placed in chronological order.